Spotted in 1542 and named San Miguel by the Spanish explorer Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, the area was renamed the Spanish monk San Diego de Alcalá de Henares in 1602 by Sebastián Vizcaíno. Notable peaks within the city limits include Cowles Mountain, the highest point in the city at 1,591 ft (485 m); Black Mountain at 1,558 ft (475 m); and Mount Soledad at 824 ft (251 m). The Cuyamaca and Laguna mountains rise to the east of the city, and beyond the mountains there are desert areas. Cleveland National Forest is half an hour's drive from downtown San Diego.
Numerous farms are located in the valleys to the northeast and southeast of the city. There are several new skyscrapers under construction, including two that exceed 400 feet (122 m) in height. The areas of the city immediately adjacent to San Diego Bay (tidal) are managed by the Port of San Diego, a quasi-governmental agency that owns all tidal properties and is responsible for land use planning, surveillance, and similar functions. San Diego is a member of the regional planning agency Association of Governments of San Diego (SANDAG).
Public schools within the city are managed and funded by independent school districts (see below). San Diego was the scene of San Diego's fight for freedom of expression in 1912, in which the city restricted expression, vigilantes brutalized and tortured anarchists, and the San Diego Police Department killed a member of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Other public colleges and universities in the city include San Diego State University (SDSU) and the San Diego Community College District, which includes San Diego City College, San Diego Mesa College and San Diego Miramar College. The city's private nonprofit colleges and universities include the University of San Diego (USD), Nazarene University of Point Loma (PLNU), the San Diego campus of the National University, the University of Redlands Business School campus in San Diego, the San Diego campus of Brandman University, the San Diego Diego Christian College and Juan Pablo el Grande Catholic University.
For-profit institutions include Alliant International University (AIU), California International Business University (CIBU), California College San Diego, Fashion Institute of Design & Merchandising's San Diego, NewSchool of Architecture and Design, Platt College, Southern States University (SSU), UEI College and the Campus satellite of the Woodbury University School of Architecture. There is a medical school in town, the UCSD School of Medicine. There are three ABA-accredited law schools in the city, including the Western California Law School, Thomas Jefferson Law School, and the University of San Diego Law School. There is also a law school, Western Sierra Law School, not accredited by the ABA.
San Diego is home to a major professional sports team, the San Diego Padres of MLB. The area was once home to the NFL Chargers and the NBA Clippers, but those teams moved to the greater Los Angeles area. San Diego has other higher-level professional teams, minor league teams, semi-professional and amateur teams, and college athletics teams. The San Diego TV market is limited to San Diego County only.
The Imperial Valley, including El Centro, is located in the television market of Yuma, Arizona, while neighboring Orange and Riverside counties are part of the Los Angeles market. Sometimes, in the past, an affiliate of the defunct network in the Imperial Valley was available on cable television from San Diego. City of San Diego Water Department Provides Residents with Water. The city receives most of its water from the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California.
Gas and electric services are provided by San Diego Gas & Electric, a division of Sempra Energy. Because the car is the primary mode of transportation for more than 80 percent of residents, San Diego has a network of highways and highways. This includes Interstate 5, which extends south to Tijuana and north to Los Angeles; Interstate 8, which extends east to Imperial County and the Arizona Solar Corridor; Interstate 15, which runs northeast through the Inland Empire to Las Vegas and Salt Lake City; and Interstate 805, which runs northeast through the Inland Empire to Las Vegas and Salt Lake City; and Interstate 805, which is divides from I-5 near the Mexican coast border and merges with I-5 in the Sorrento Valley. Major state highways include SR 94, which connects downtown to I-805, I-15 and east of the county; SR 163, which connects downtown to the northeastern part of the city, intersects I-805 and merges with I-15 in Miramar; SR 52, which connects La Jolla to the east of the county via Santee and SR 125; SR 56, which connects I-5 to I-15 through Carmel Valley and Rancho Peñasquitos; SR 75, which extends across San Diego Bay like the San Diego-Coronado Bridge, and also passes south San Diego as Palm Avenue; and SR 905, which connects I-5 and I-805 to the Otay Mesa Port of Entry.
Under Mexican rule, San Diego was recognized as a town (town) and the first settlers established the community now known as Old Town. Point Loma was the first rugged foreland of golden California to rise above the horizon before European eyes. Spanish explorers called it The Point of California. His name has since changed, like that of the admiral who discovered him.
Born in Portugal, he was baptized João Rodrigues, although among the Spaniards he was known as Juan Rodríguez. Another name, Cabrilho, followed his surname; apparently it referred to the town of his birth. Later, Californians changed it to Cabrillo, a Spanish form of the word. He qualified for leadership while serving the king of Spain as a soldier under Cortés, during the wars in Mexico and Central America.
One of the Port of San Diego's two loading facilities is located in downtown San Diego, at the Tenth Avenue Maritime Terminal. Military infrastructure in San Diego continues to grow and develop, with numerous military personnel stationed there, whose numbers are expected to increase. San Diego residents led a statewide fight to bring water from the north, against strong opposition in the state legislature. On July 30, the United States warsloop Cyane, commanded by Captain Samuel Dupont, stopped at the port of San Diego carrying John Fremont and a battalion of California volunteers from the Bear Flag country.
For a time it seemed that Julian, founded in 1870, could eclipse San Diego and be the leading community in the county, but it proved that there was a limit to gold in Cuyamacas. Located on the Pacific Ocean coast of Southern California, San Diego is widely known as “America's Best City”. Lindbergh had landed in Paris after the first solo transatlantic flight in history, and San Diego was on the aviation map in a big way. Upon landing on San Miguel Island at the western end of the Santa Barbara Canal, Cabrillo broke his leg (or arm, the two accounts of the trip differ) but did not delay there.
On April 20, 1822, the Mexican flag was raised over the prison and the inhabitants of San Diego swore their allegiance to it. Southern California ran along the coast to the Oceanside site, then down Temecula Canyon, to and through San Bernardino, and crossed the Cajon Pass to the head of the Santa Fe Railroad at Barstow. The forest is described as bordering San Diego Bay and its dimensions are given as “three leagues long and half a league wide. The city's forty thousand inhabitants promoted the Panama-California Exposition, against all obstacles, despite competition from another exhibition in San Francisco.
It was the driest season of the year, and then, as now, the San Diego River was a little short of water in that season. On May 5, 1602, Sebastián Vizcaíno, who had been in the great Santa Ana galleon when he was captured by Cavendish off Baja California, was sent with three good ships, the San Diego, which made his flagship, the Santo Tomás, and the Tres Reyes speedboat, to explore the coast of California. The permanent European colonization of California and San Diego began in 1769 with the arrival of four contingents of Spaniards from New Spain and the Baja California peninsula. However, in more recent decades, San Diego has leaned in favor of Democratic presidential candidates for president.